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COMPARISON BETWEEN ORTHODONTIC PERMANENT AND REMOVABLE RETAINERS

Sally Ihsan

المجلد 2، العدد 2 ، ديسمبر 2023، ، الصفحة 54-64

المستخلص
        Relapse is the term used when teeth go back to their original place after orthodontic   treatment, so the success of an orthodontic treatment depends heavily on retention. Retainers, either permanent or removable ones, are used to avoid relapse. The purpose of this review is to compare the differences between fixed and removable retainers, and to determine which one works more efficient.  أكثر

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Hyaluronic Acid Effect on Periodontal Parameters: Review

Muhamad AL-Bahadli

المجلد 2، العدد 1 ، يوليو 2023، ، الصفحة 1-8

المستخلص
  The periodontal apparatus requires the body's hyaluronic acid for extracellular matrices to function properly. It supports the processes underpinning the inflammatory and wounds heal processes. Hyaluronic acid is found in periodontium in varying concentrations, with higher concentrations found in non-mineralized structures like gingiva and periodontal ligament and reduced concentrations found in mineralized tissues like cementum and jaw bone. Recent research indicates that hyaluronic acid has the capacity to control periodontal tissue repair and therapy of periodontal disorder. For both deepest ...  أكثر

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Effect of Nd:YAG Laser Surface Treatment on Wettability of Thermoplastic Acrylic in Comparison with Heat-Cure Acrylic resin

Alkasim Alabady؛ Bayan Khalaf

المجلد 2، العدد 1 ، يوليو 2023، ، الصفحة 9-17

المستخلص
  Aim of the study: This study's goal was to determine how laser surface alteration affected wettability of injectable thermoplastic acrylic and heat cure acrylic denture base materials. Materials and methods: Injectable thermoplastic acrylic resin (Deflex) and heat cure acrylic (Procryla) were used in this study to produce forty-disc shaped specimens, 20 specimens for each material type. The control group was made up of ten samples of each type of plastic denture base material. The other ten samples were treated with a nano-pulse fiber-optic lens Nd:YAG laser. The results were looked at with the ...  أكثر

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Psychological Status of Cancer Patients Caregivers in Baghdad

Maryam Ismail؛ Sufian Mohamed؛ Saif Musa؛ Shmooa Taha

المجلد 2، العدد 1 ، يوليو 2023، ، الصفحة 18-27

المستخلص
  Introduction: Cancer is one of the leading causes of death, is a disorder in which differentiated body cells change at a molecular level resulting in the loss of normal cell regulation, characteristics, and functions. Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer. Cancer patients need care and assistance from their family members, friends, as well as medical personnel. The study aimed to assess the psychological status among family caregivers of cancer patients. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was undertaken on 120 caregivers of cancer patients who were admitted ...  أكثر

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The Effect of Alcohol (ethanol) and Boiled Distilled Water in The Treatment of Oral Venous Malformations: A comparative study

Marwa Attyia؛ Imad Noorali؛ Mudher Alsunbuli

المجلد 2، العدد 1 ، يوليو 2023، ، الصفحة 28-34

المستخلص
  Introduction: The head and neck region are a common location for benign blood vessel lesions called vascular malformations. There is no well-established procedure for reducing the size of benign oral vascular lesions, even though the fact that sclerotherapy is one of the first-line treatments utilized for this goal. The current study's purpose was to assess and contrast the effectiveness of intra-lesion sclerotherapy injections of boiled distilled water and alcohol in treating superficial mucosal vascular malformations in the maxillofacial region. Materials and methods: In the soft tissues of the ...  أكثر

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Nursing Students' Knowledge of Al-Bayan University Regarding Infection Control Strategies at Intensive Care Units

Sarah Kadhim

المجلد 2، العدد 1 ، يوليو 2023، ، الصفحة 35-42

المستخلص
  Introduction: One of the most significant causes of medical, social, and economic issues in both developed and developing nations is nosocomial infection (NI). The clear duty of nurses and nursing students is to implement preventative measures and lower the risk of infections (future nurses), this -demographic data. It is necessary to emphasize and focus on infection prevention and control since education has played a significant role in expanding the knowledge of infection control among healthcare personnel. There have been few studies examining this issue in relation to pre-graduation nursing ...  أكثر

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Investigating Commercial pure titanium corrosion behavior and a few other characteristics after being coated with a chitosan-hydroxyapatite nanoparticle mixture in a lab experiment

Saja Esmael

المجلد 2، العدد 1 ، يوليو 2023، ، الصفحة 43-53

المستخلص
  Introduction: Metals like titanium and its alloys are frequently used in the construction of medical equipment like dental and orthopedic implants. However, the presence of blood and other bodily fluids in the immediate surroundings may cause corrosion to this implant. Materials and Methods: The preparation of circular discs of commercially pure titanium (Cp-Ti) measuring 10mm in diameter and 2.5mm in thickness. To precipitate the coating layer, Ti samples have been immersed in a solution of Hydroxyapatite (HA) and chitosan for 90 minutes on a low-speed stirrer. Samples were taken out and dried ...  أكثر

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ECTOPIC MAXILLARY WISDOM TOOTH INTO THE MEDIAL WALL OF MAXILLARY SINUS WITH ODONTOGENIC KERATOCYST:CASE REPORT

Omar Hazm؛ Noor Nadhum؛ Hamsa Mahdi؛ Alaa Shaheed؛ Hayder Baker؛ Zainab Abdul-Kadhim

المجلد 1، العدد 2 ، ديسمبر 2022، ، الصفحة 60-63

المستخلص
  It is uncommon for a tooth to break-outside of the oral-cavity. Ectopic eruption of the chin and nasal. Cavities havebeen reported in the past. This is a representation of an ectopic wisdom-tooth with a cystic lesion in the maxillary sinus and roots that extend into the lateral wall of the nose. Surgical removal of an impacted wisdom tooth with cystic lesion have been done to a 17 years old boy, the histopathological examination revealsodontogenic keratocyst. To our knowledge, the combination of an ectopic wisdom tooth at medial wall of the maxillary sinus and odontogenic keratocyst (The case under ...  أكثر

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PEDIATRIC NURSES' KNOWLEDGE REGARDING COLOSTOMY AT PEDIATRIC HOSPITALS IN BAGHDAD CITY

Ali Al-Sudani

المجلد 1، العدد 2 ، ديسمبر 2022، ، الصفحة 64-70

المستخلص
  The study aims to assess nurses’ knowledgeabout childrenwith colostomy conditions in surgical wards. Non probability (purposive) sample of (50) nurses were chosenfrom surgical units at Teaching Hospitals in Baghdad City,thestudy instrument consisted of 2major parts. The First part regarding to nurses’ demographic data,the second part related to nurse's knowledge about surgical of child's admission with colostomy and composed of(25) items of nurses’knowledge. The data were collection through it the using of constructed questionnaire which is consisted of (31) items and filled by ...  أكثر

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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES AMONGST PATIENTS ATTENDING THE PERIODONTICS CLINICS AT THE COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY, AL-BAYAN UNIVERSITY, WEST OF BAGHDAD, IRAQ

Muhamad AL-Bahadli؛ Hayder B؛ Hamsa M؛ Zainab A

المجلد 1، العدد 2 ، ديسمبر 2022، ، الصفحة 71-75

المستخلص
  Aims:A retrospective study was accomplishedto evaluate the prevalence of periodontal diseasesinvolving 2280 patients who were came the College of Dentistry, periodontics clinics, Al-Bayan University west of Baghdad, Iraq. During the period of 12th October, 2021 to 30th May, 2022.Methods:Collection and evaluation of data from the patients’ case sheets of the College of Dentistry who came from 1stOctober 2021 to 30thMay 2022.Results:The totalnumber of patients were 2280, the mean age 36.74 (ranged 16~65) years, (966), 42.36% males and(1314), 57.63%, females, found 239 (10.48%) healthy patients, ...  أكثر

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REVIEW IN NEW METHODS USED IN TREATMENT OF ENDODONTIC TREATED TEETH

Seemaa Kadhem؛ Zainab Abdulkadhim؛ Shatha Lafi

المجلد 1، العدد 2 ، ديسمبر 2022، ، الصفحة 76-83

المستخلص
  Concerns about the best technique to recover a tooth after a root canal procedure frequentlyarise in dental clinics. While the importance of the ferrule impact on the predictable restoration of teeth with root canals is widely acknowledged, other factors, such as residual dentalvolume, tooth location, number of proximal contacts, timing of the conclusive restoration, and the existence of cracks, have been reported to influence restoration and tooth survival. Re-evaluation of scientific literature is prompted by the ongoing advancement of dental materials and treatments as well as a trend toward ...  أكثر

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NURSING STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE REGARDING EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH STROKE AT AL-BAYAN UNIVERSITY

Sarah Kadhim؛ Musaab Abdulwahhab؛ Maryam Ismail؛ Iman Fadhil؛ Mustafa Ali

المجلد 1، العدد 2 ، ديسمبر 2022، ، الصفحة 84-90

المستخلص
  This study aims to assess the nursing students' knowledge regarding emergency management of patientswith stroke and to find out the relationship between nursing students' knowledge and their sociodemographic characteristics.A cross-sectionaldesign studywas carried out through the application of an online questionnaire. Thestudy started on13rdJanuary 2021to 8thAugust 2021. The present study was carried out in Al-Bayan university / College of nursing / third and fourth stages.The sample was (183) participants who were randomly selected. The level of knowledge was measured according to the degree ...  أكثر

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Orbital Fractures: clinical review

Mudher MB. Alsunbuli؛ Saja Kareem Esmael

المجلد 1، العدد 1 ، مايو 2022، ، الصفحة 1-8

المستخلص
  We study orbital fractures in order to comprehend clinical orbital anatomy in relation to trauma and fractures, to stand with the assessment and examination patient exposed to periorbital trauma, then to reach medical and surgical treatment modalities in safer way.In this article we aim to spot alight for summarizing an overview for maxillofacial, neurosurgery and other specialties in the diagnosis and management of the fractures that may be more common in orbital and pre orbital region.Different range of treatment specialties result in varying levels of experience accommodation in the care of ...  أكثر

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ASSESSMENT OF NURSES’ KNOWLEDGE REGARDING DELIRIUM AT ADULT CRITICAL CARE UNITS IN BAGHDAD CITY

Maryam Aayd Ismail؛ Huda Shaker Rahim؛ Younis Hamid Abd Alwan؛ Wissam Mahmoud؛ Haitham Salem؛ Hadeel Reggio؛ Hyam Abdullah

المجلد 1، العدد 1 ، مايو 2022، ، الصفحة 9-19

المستخلص
   Introduction: Delirium is a common side effect of hospitalization, particularly among the elderly. Ithas the potential to cause significant morbidity, death, and a reduction in quality of life. Despitethis, a thorough literature study revealed that it is under-recognized and poorly handled by medicaland nursing personnel. Although some studies have discovered that nurse education programs canhelp patients with delirium. Objectives: Assess nurses’ level of knowledge about delirium and it isassociated risk factors. Identify clinical and education implications of the findings. Assessment ...  أكثر

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THE 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGY IN PHARMACEUTICAL APPLICATIONS

Hassanien Sagban Taghi

المجلد 1، العدد 1 ، مايو 2022، ، الصفحة 20-30

المستخلص
  Although 3D printing (3DP) has long been an integral part of industries such as aviation and automotive, its use in healthcare, especially the pharmaceutical industry, is relatively new and currently receiving close attention. Due to the rapid development of this field, it is necessary to summarize the latest development in this field after two years. In this article, we reviewed the three major areas in pharmaceutical application.The 3DP could support formulation development because it can produce rapid product iterations for testing, such as excipient compatibility and drug release.  أكثر

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NANOGEL AS A UNIQUE TREND OF NANO-DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM

Mustafa Abdulbaqi؛ Israa Mahmood؛ Amnah tareq

المجلد 1، العدد 1 ، مايو 2022، ، الصفحة 31-46

المستخلص
  Nanogels are known as small (20–200 nm) swollen particles made of flexible hydrophilic polymer networks that are chemically or physically cross-linked. The nanogels network makes a promising system for ideal drug delivery due to the unique characteristics of nanogels, such as high drug loading capacity, ease of preparation, stability, adjustable size, uniformity, and minimal toxicity. Additionally, nanogel has biocompatibility, high water absorption, large surface area, and stimuli responsiveness; thus, they are utilized to improve and develop drug delivery systems and target a specific site ...  أكثر

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ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY OF BACTERIA CAUSING DENTAL CARIES ISOLATES FROM IRAQI PATIENTS

Hasanain Sahib Salih؛ Shalal Hussein؛ Shatha Ali؛ Safa Tawfeeq

المجلد 1، العدد 1 ، مايو 2022، ، الصفحة 47-54

المستخلص
  This study aims to test the antibiotic resistance ofstreptococcus mutants, one of the major causes of dental caries for Iraqi patients of different ages. This study focuses on routine antibiotics used as a treatment for the patient suffering from dental caries and demonstrates whether these bacteria acquired resistance against these antibiotics or not. This study showed thatstreptococcus mutantsisolates from different patients have an approximately equal ratio of resistance to the routine antibiotics used to treat dental caries, such as amoxicillin, cefixime, and azithromycin.This study is based ...  أكثر

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THE HISTOPATHOLOGIC AND GEOGRAPHIC PATTERN OF STOMACH CANCER IN IRAQ(2000-2007)

Amer Al Khuzaie

المجلد 1، العدد 1 ، مايو 2022، ، الصفحة 55-59

المستخلص
  Retrospectively we studied case sheets of gastric cancer patients in Iraq during our work in the cancer council in MOH; about 3412 newly diagnosed cases were reported during eight years (2000-2007). These data were brought from all Iraqi governorates and general and private hospitals, and by reviewing the histopathology of all patients and geographically, we concentrated on the year 2007 because the data available more regarding results of histopathology. As in other countries, we found that adenocarcinoma is the most common 58.6%, while the highest incidence is reported in Duhok, Najaf, and Kirkuk.  أكثر